Module also offered within study programmes:
General information:
Name:
Global Environmental Changes
Course of study:
2018/2019
Code:
JFM-2-009-DE-s
Faculty of:
Physics and Applied Computer Science
Study level:
Second-cycle studies
Specialty:
Dozymetria i elektronika w medycynie
Field of study:
Medical Physics
Semester:
0
Profile of education:
Academic (A)
Lecture language:
English
Form and type of study:
Full-time studies
Course homepage:
 
Responsible teacher:
prof. dr hab. inż. Różański Kazimierz (rozanski@fis.agh.edu.pl)
Academic teachers:
prof. dr hab. inż. Różański Kazimierz (rozanski@fis.agh.edu.pl)
Module summary

Quantification of anthropogenic impact on environment requires thorough understanding of the global ecosystem functioning at different time scales and its response to pressures generated by humans.

Description of learning outcomes for module
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Connections with FLO Method of learning outcomes verification (form of completion)
Social competence
M_K001 Student is active in the discussion, also with the teacher. He is able to present relevant arguments and defend them during the discussion. FM2A_K02, FM2A_K01 Activity during classes
M_K002 Student is able to cooperate in teams preparing presentations on selected topic FM2A_K02, FM2A_K01 Presentation
Skills
M_U001 Student is able to prepare and present selected issues related to global ecosystem behaviour and its changes FM2A_U03, FM2A_U01, FM2A_U02 Presentation
Knowledge
M_W001 Student possess basic knowledge about variability of environmental parameters et various temporal and spatial scales, particularly about parameters which are affected by anthropogenioc activities FM2A_W02, FM2A_W04, FM2A_W05, FM2A_W01, FM2A_W08, FM2A_W03 Examination
M_W002 Student knows basic methods of quantitative description and modelling of environmental processes, with emphasis on mass and energy transport FM2A_W09, FM2A_W04, FM2A_W01, FM2A_W07, FM2A_W03 Examination
M_W003 Student possess basic knowledge about physical foundations of the global ecosystem functioning and about interactions between biosphere and other elements of the global ecosystem on various spatial and temporal scales FM2A_W02, FM2A_W04, FM2A_W05, FM2A_W01, FM2A_W08, FM2A_W03 Examination
FLO matrix in relation to forms of classes
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Form of classes
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Others
E-learning
Social competence
M_K001 Student is active in the discussion, also with the teacher. He is able to present relevant arguments and defend them during the discussion. + - - - - + - - - - -
M_K002 Student is able to cooperate in teams preparing presentations on selected topic + - - - - + - - - - -
Skills
M_U001 Student is able to prepare and present selected issues related to global ecosystem behaviour and its changes + - - - - + - - - - -
Knowledge
M_W001 Student possess basic knowledge about variability of environmental parameters et various temporal and spatial scales, particularly about parameters which are affected by anthropogenioc activities + - - - - + - - - - -
M_W002 Student knows basic methods of quantitative description and modelling of environmental processes, with emphasis on mass and energy transport + - - - - + - - - - -
M_W003 Student possess basic knowledge about physical foundations of the global ecosystem functioning and about interactions between biosphere and other elements of the global ecosystem on various spatial and temporal scales + - - - - + - - - - -
Module content
Lectures:

1. Introductory lecture
2. Atmosphere as a key component of the global ecosystem. Origin and evolution of Earth’s atmosphere over geological time scales. Oxygen in Earth’s atmosphere. Composition, structure and basic parameters of the contemporary Earth’s atmosphere. Dynamics of Earth’s atmosphere.. Changes in the composition of Earth’s atmosphere resulting from anthropogenic activities.
3. Global biogeochemical cycles – fundamentals. The global carbon cycle and its anthropogenic changes. The global nitrogen cycle and its anthropogenic changes. The global water cycle and its anthropogenic changes
4. Fundamentals of radiation physics. Transport of radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere. Radiation budget of the earth-atmosphere system. Physical foundations of greenhouse effect. Natural and anthropogenic greenhouse effect.
5. Fundamentals of transport processes in the global ecosystem . Physical models.
Black-box models.
6. Global and regional climate changes. Modelling of climate changes.
7. Human response to global environmental changes. The UNFCCC convention. The Kyoto agreement. The Paris agreement. Adaptation strategies.

Seminar classes:

Presentation by students working in 2-person teams of selected themes related to the issue of global environmental changes, not discussed or only marginally mentioned during the lectures. Discussion of the presented issues.

Student workload (ECTS credits balance)
Student activity form Student workload
Summary student workload 125 h
Module ECTS credits 5 ECTS
Participation in conversation seminars 15 h
Preparation of a report, presentation, written work, etc. 65 h
Contact hours 15 h
Participation in lectures 30 h
Additional information
Method of calculating the final grade:

There are two components of the final grade: (i) the grade resulting from the exam (E) (i) the grade resulting from the presentation given during the seminar and activity of the student during the discussions following presentations given by others (S). Grades are given in accordance with AGH regulations. The final grade is calculated as a weighted mean of E and S: FG = 0.6xE + 0.4xS.
Positive final grade can be given only if the student received positive grade from the exam. If the result of the exam is not satisfactory, the student is obliged to repeat it.

Prerequisites and additional requirements:

Basic knowledge of mathematics, physics and chemistry accquired during batchelor studies.

Recommended literature and teaching resources:

1. E. Boeker, R. van Grondelle, Environmental Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 1999.
2. E.K. Berner, R.A. Berner, Global Environment – Water, Air and Geochemical Cycles, Prentice Hall, Inc. 1996
3. T.E. Graedel, P.J. Crutzen, Atmospheric Change – An Earth System Perspective, AT&T 1993.
4. K.D. Alverson, R.S. Bradley, T.E. Pedersen, Paleoclimate, Global Change and the Future, Springer Verlag, 2003.
5. V.F. Krapivin, C.A. Varotsos, Biogeochemical Cycles in Globalization and Sustainable Development, Springer Verlag, 2008.
6. Internet resources

Scientific publications of module course instructors related to the topic of the module:

1. K. Rozanski, L. Araguas-Araguas, R. Gonfiantini. Relation between long-term trends of oxygen-18 isotope composition of precipitation and climate. Science, 258, (1992) 981-985
2.K. Rozanski, S. Johnsen, U. Schotterer, L.G. Thompson. Reconstruction of past climates from stable isotope records preserved in continental archives. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 42(5), (1997) 725-745.
3. A.J. Zurek, S. Witczak, M. Dulinski, P. Wachniew, K. Rozanski, J. Kania, A. Postawa, J. Karczewski, W.J. Mościcki. Quantification of anthropogenic impact on groundwater-dependent terrestrial ecosystem using geochemical and isotope tools combined with 3-D flow and transport modelling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19 (2015) 1015-1033
4. J. M. Nęcki, M. Gałkowski, Ł.Chmura, Ch. Gebrig, M. Zimnoch, D. Zięba, J. Bartyzel, W. Wołkowicz, K. Rozanski. Regional representativeness of CH4 and N2O mixing ratio measurements at high-altitude mountain station Kasprowy Wierch, southern Poland. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 16 (2016), 568-580.
5. K. Rozanski, Ł. Chmura, M. Gałkowski, J.Nęcki, M. Zimnoch, J. Bartyzel, S. O’Doherty. Monitoring of greenhouse Gases In the atmosphere: A Polish perspective. Papers on Global Change IGBP, 23 (2016) 111-126. DOI: 10.1515/igbp-2016-0009

Additional information:

None