Module also offered within study programmes:
General information:
Name:
X-ray Physics
Course of study:
2018/2019
Code:
JFM-2-025-DE-s
Faculty of:
Physics and Applied Computer Science
Study level:
Second-cycle studies
Specialty:
Dozymetria i elektronika w medycynie
Field of study:
Medical Physics
Semester:
0
Profile of education:
Academic (A)
Lecture language:
English
Course homepage:
 
Responsible teacher:
prof. dr hab. inż. Lankosz Marek (Marek.Lankosz@fis.agh.edu.pl)
Academic teachers:
prof. dr hab. inż. Lankosz Marek (Marek.Lankosz@fis.agh.edu.pl)
dr inż. Wróbel Paweł (Pawel.Wrobel@fis.agh.edu.pl)
Module summary

Student has knowledge in scope of X-ray spectroscopy,

Description of learning outcomes for module
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Connections with FLO Method of learning outcomes verification (form of completion)
Social competence
M_K001 Student is able to cooperate in team, to become involve in discussion, evaluate results ofwork partners, is able to express personal arguments. Student understands the need for improving the qualifications and competence Participation in a discussion,
Involvement in teamwork,
Execution of laboratory classes,
Examination,
Activity during classes
Skills
M_U001 Student is able applied computer simulations and numerical methods to solve selected problems related to applications of physical methods based on x-rays Completion of laboratory classes,
Test,
Execution of laboratory classes,
Report
M_U002 Student is able to raise information from literature, evaluate results of measurements, prepare report from experiments, and prepare multimedia presentation Report,
Presentation,
Participation in a discussion,
Involvement in teamwork
Knowledge
M_W002 Student knows performance and technical parameters of methods based on x-rays Participation in a discussion,
Oral answer,
Examination,
Activity during classes
M_W003 Student has knowledge about physical phenomenon’s and instrumentation used in modern analitical methods with the use of X-rays Participation in a discussion,
Examination,
Activity during classes
FLO matrix in relation to forms of classes
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Form of classes
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Others
E-learning
Social competence
M_K001 Student is able to cooperate in team, to become involve in discussion, evaluate results ofwork partners, is able to express personal arguments. Student understands the need for improving the qualifications and competence + + + - - - - - - - -
Skills
M_U001 Student is able applied computer simulations and numerical methods to solve selected problems related to applications of physical methods based on x-rays + - - - - - - - - - -
M_U002 Student is able to raise information from literature, evaluate results of measurements, prepare report from experiments, and prepare multimedia presentation - + + - - - - - - - -
Knowledge
M_W002 Student knows performance and technical parameters of methods based on x-rays - - + - - - - - - - -
M_W003 Student has knowledge about physical phenomenon’s and instrumentation used in modern analitical methods with the use of X-rays + + - - - - - - - - -
Module content
Lectures:
  1. History of X-rays -1h

    Introduction and basic principles

  2. Interaction of X-ray with matter- 4h

    X-ray polarization, photoelectric absorption, scattering, optical properties of X-ray,
    refraction of X-ray, total reflection

  3. Principles of X-ray emission and X-ray absorption spectroscopy-4h

    Characteristic X-ray, satellite lines, chemical shift, X-ray Absorption Near Edge
    Structure, Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure, oxidation state, chemical
    environment of the absorbing atom.

  4. X-ray optics -2h

    Collimators and focusing systems, multilayer mirrors, capillary optics-transport of X-ray in capillaries, types of capillary lenses, refractive lenses, zone (Fresnel) lenses, curved crystals

  5. Production of X-ray -4h

    X-ray tubes-new developments, plasma X-ray sources, synchrotrons, X-ray free
    electron laser- XFEL

  6. Principles of X-ray microscopy and practical application in biomedical researches and electronics -3h

    Contact microscope, reflex microscope, projection microscope, and transmission
    scanning microscope, X-ray holography, Various applications.

  7. X-ray fluorescence elemental chemical macro/micro/nano imaging with the use of synchrotron radiation and conventional X-ray sources -4h

    Instrumentation, sample preparation

  8. Total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis in live sciences and environmental protection – 2h

    Instrumentation, ltra-trace elemental analysis, analysis of toxic elements in human
    tissues and body fluids, application in environmental monitoring and assessment

  9. Investigation of the structure of bio-crystals, nanocrystals and clusters – 2h

    Introduction to protein structure measurements,X-ray difraction, principles od small angle x-ray scattering,investigation of structures of proteins, investigation of
    biochemical processes and chemical reaction kinetic

  10. X-ray lithography-2h

    Applications in electronics and mechanics

  11. X-ray in cosmos

    Sources of X-ray in cosmos. Satellities and x-ray telescopes

Auditorium classes:
Seminar presentations

Subjects of seminar presentations;
1. Synchrotron radiation
2. Selected applications of synchrotron radiation
3. X-ray lasers
4. X-ray free electron laser
5. Selected applications of XANES technique
6. XRF method in environmental protection
7. XRF method in cultural heritage
8.Medical applications of x-rays
9. New developments in x-ray microscopy

Laboratory classes:
  1. Indroductory exercise -3h

    Familiarize students with safety regulations related with use of X-rays sources.

  2. Ultratrace elemental analysis with the use of TXRF method- 3h

    student is able to prepare samples of tissues and body fluids for analysis
    student is able to set-up X-ray spectrometer for measurements
    student is able to calibrate spectrometer
    student is able to interpret collected spectra, determine chemical composition of
    measured samples, calculated concentration of elements

  3. X-ray computerized tomography -3h

    student is able to set-up parameters of instrument for CT
    student is able to perform measurements with the use of T
    student is able to process collected data
    students is able to calculate linear absorption coefficients
    student is able to interpret result of measurements

  4. XRF analysis of environmental and biological samples – 3h

    student is able to prepare biological samples for measurements
    student is able to use X-ray spectrometer for measurements
    student is able to calibrate the spectrometer
    student is able to perform measurement
    student is able to calculate concentration of elements
    student is able to made budget of uncertainty

  5. XRF microanalysis-3h

    student is able to prepare samples for analysis
    student is able to set-up spectrometer for measurements
    student is able to perform measurements
    student is able to prepare maps of elements

Student workload (ECTS credits balance)
Student activity form Student workload
Summary student workload 159 h
Module ECTS credits 6 ECTS
Examination or Final test 4 h
Participation in lectures 30 h
Participation in laboratory classes 15 h
Participation in seminar classes 15 h
Preparation for classes 25 h
Preparation of a report, presentation, written work, etc. 30 h
Realization of independently performed tasks 25 h
Contact hours 15 h
Additional information
Method of calculating the final grade:

Final grade (F) will be calculated in accordance to the following formula:
K = 0.6 x E + 0.2 x L + 0.2 x S
E-grade from exam
L-grade from laboratory
S-grade from seminar

Prerequisites and additional requirements:

Basic knowledge in physics and chemistry

Recommended literature and teaching resources:

. A.C.Kak, M.Slaney,“Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging”. IEEE Press, 1987. 2000
2. A. Michette, S. Pfauntsch, X-Rays The First Hundred Years, John Wiley & Sons, 1997.
3. N. A. Dyson, Promieniowanie rentgenowskie w fizyce atomowej i jądrowej, PWN, 1978.
4. R. V. Grieken, A. Markowicz, Handbook of X-Ray Spectrometry, Marcel Dekker, 1993.
5. K. A. Janssens, F.C. Adams, A. Rindby, Microscopic X-ray Fluorescence Analysis, John Wiley & Sons,
2000.

Scientific publications of module course instructors related to the topic of the module:

M.Czyżycki, P.Wróbel, M.Lankosz
Confocal X-ray fluorescence micro-spectroscopy experiment in tilted geometry
Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 97 (2014) 99–104
A.Wandzilak, M.Czyżycki, P.Wróbel, M.Szczerbowska-Boruchowska, E.Radwańska, D.Adamek, M.Lankosz
The oxidation states and chemical environments of iron and zinc as potential indicators of brain tumour
malignancy grade – preliminary results.
Metallomics, 5 (2013) 1547-1553
M.Lankosz, M.Grzelak, B.Ostachowicz, A.Wandzilak, M.Szczerbowska-Boruchowska, P.Wrobel,
E.Radwanska, D.Adamek
Application of the total reflection X-ray fluorescence method to the elemental analysis of brain tumors
of different types and grades of malignancy
Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 101 (2014) 98–105

Additional information:

Absence in laboratory classes should be executed in agreement with teacher.
Absence in laboratory classes and seminars should be executed in agreement with teacher.
The method of compensating arrears resulting from the student’s absence from laboratory exercises:
During the semester one additional period of laboratory exercises is scheduled for all students, after completing the whole cycle of exercises. During this additional term the student can take measurements that the student could not make due to the scheduled exercise. Students can then do their homework after obtaining the consent of the teacher in his group and correspond with the theoretical part, confirmed by the entry in the protocol.

The method and mode of compensating arrears arising from the student’s absence during seminar classes: passing the seminar classes requires attendance at all classes given in the content of the module and presentation and passing the presentations provided for in the schedule of classes. Absence in the course of random causes requires the student to independently learn the material presented in class and pass it in writing in the time set by the teacher, but not later than in the last week of the course. Obtaining a negative assessment from the presentation or not delivering it in the scheduled schedule of classes requires a new appointment with the teacher, not later than in the last week of the course. The condition for joining the colloquium is a positive evaluation of the presentation.

Rules for passing laboratory classes:
Passing the laboratory requires passing all the exercises given in the module’s content.
The condition for getting a pass from a single exercise is:
- obtaining a positive assessment from theoretical preparation
- correct measurements made
-based report on the development of results

The basic deadline for getting credit is the end of the course in a given semester. The student can start the correction twice.

Rules for passing the seminar: the basic deadline for obtaining credit is the end of classes in a given semester. The student can start the correction twice.