Module also offered within study programmes:
General information:
Name:
Conservation science for heritage protection
Course of study:
2019/2020
Code:
ZSDA-3-0015-s
Faculty of:
Szkoła Doktorska AGH
Study level:
Third-cycle studies
Specialty:
-
Field of study:
Szkoła Doktorska AGH
Semester:
0
Profile of education:
Academic (A)
Lecture language:
English
Form and type of study:
Full-time studies
Responsible teacher:
dr hab. Łojewski Tomasz (lojewski@agh.edu.pl)
Dyscypliny:
Moduł multidyscyplinarny
Module summary

The course presents an overview of instrumental analysis methods applied to cultural heritage artefacts and some topics characteristic for CH studies, incl. degradation mechanisms for selected classes of materials, methodology of accelerated ageing, dating and advanced imaging techniques. Lectures are illustrated with many examples and supported by laboratory exercises in which students will have an opportunity to perform tests for heritage objects with the use of a state-of-the-art equipment.

Description of learning outcomes for module
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Connections with FLO Method of learning outcomes verification (form of completion)
Social competence: is able to
M_K001 Student is able to recognize the role of material science and analytical chemistry in protection of cultural heritage SDA3A_K01, SDA3A_K02 Activity during classes
M_K002 Student understands risks coming from inproper conservation and exhibition practises as well as poorly designed physicochemical studies to the stability and visual appearance of artefacts in heritage/art collections SDA3A_K01 Activity during classes
M_K003 Student could characterize analytical methods suitable for nondestructive studies of heritage objects SDA3A_K01, SDA3A_K03
M_K004 Student is able to choose appropriate analytical methods to solve problem related to active and passive conservation of artworks and heritage objects SDA3A_K03, SDA3A_K02
Skills: he can
M_U001 Student has a working knowledge concerning key analytical techniques applied in the field of conservation science SDA3A_U03, SDA3A_U02, SDA3A_U01 Activity during classes
M_U002 Student could identify treaths to the stability and visual appearance of museum objects SDA3A_U02, SDA3A_U01
M_U003 Student can formulate a study plan of physicochemical analyses for historical artefacts and art objects SDA3A_U06, SDA3A_U03, SDA3A_U02, SDA3A_U01, SDA3A_U04
Knowledge: he knows and understands
M_W001 Student could describe degradation mechanisms for selected classes of materials in heritage collections SDA3A_W03, SDA3A_W01
Number of hours for each form of classes:
Sum (hours)
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Prace kontr. przejść.
Lektorat
45 30 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
FLO matrix in relation to forms of classes
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Form of classes
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Prace kontr. przejść.
Lektorat
Social competence
M_K001 Student is able to recognize the role of material science and analytical chemistry in protection of cultural heritage + - - - - - - - - - -
M_K002 Student understands risks coming from inproper conservation and exhibition practises as well as poorly designed physicochemical studies to the stability and visual appearance of artefacts in heritage/art collections + - - - - - - - - - -
M_K003 Student could characterize analytical methods suitable for nondestructive studies of heritage objects + - + - - - - - - - -
M_K004 Student is able to choose appropriate analytical methods to solve problem related to active and passive conservation of artworks and heritage objects + - + - - - - - - - -
Skills
M_U001 Student has a working knowledge concerning key analytical techniques applied in the field of conservation science - - - - - - - - - - -
M_U002 Student could identify treaths to the stability and visual appearance of museum objects - - - - - - - - - - -
M_U003 Student can formulate a study plan of physicochemical analyses for historical artefacts and art objects - - - - - - - - - - -
Knowledge
M_W001 Student could describe degradation mechanisms for selected classes of materials in heritage collections - - - - - - - - - - -
Student workload (ECTS credits balance)
Student activity form Student workload
Summary student workload 90 h
Module ECTS credits 4 ECTS
Udział w zajęciach dydaktycznych/praktyka 45 h
Preparation for classes 30 h
przygotowanie projektu, prezentacji, pracy pisemnej, sprawozdania 5 h
Realization of independently performed tasks 5 h
Contact hours 2 h
Inne 3 h
Module content
Lectures (30h):

Lectures presenting an overview of instrumental analysis methods applied to cultural heritage (CH) artefacts and selected topics characteristic for CH studies:

Introduction to conservation science
Degradation mechanisms for selected classes of materials in collections
Separation techniques (chromatography, electrophoresis)
Spectroscopic analysis (infrared, Raman and mass spectroscopy)
Accelerated aging
Microbial corrosion and disinfection
Dating of historical materials
Theory and practice of color measurement
Imaging techniques in CH studies

Laboratory classes (15h):

Laboratory excercises:
1. Accelerated light aging
2. Colour measurement
3. Multispectral imaging and reflectance transformation imaging
4. Nondestructive elemental analysis for CH objects with XRF spectrometer
5. Visit to a museum laboratory

Additional information
Teaching methods and techniques:
  • Lectures: Lectures illustrated with examples from museum studies relevant to presented topics
  • Laboratory classes: hands-on laboratory class with state-of-the-art specialized equipment for non-destructive analysis of heritage objects
Warunki i sposób zaliczenia poszczególnych form zajęć, w tym zasady zaliczeń poprawkowych, a także warunki dopuszczenia do egzaminu:

Lectures: participations in lectures
Laboratory classes: participation and preparation of the written work on one selected topic from the presented list.

Participation rules in classes:
  • Lectures:
    – Attendance is mandatory: Yes
    – Participation rules in classes: obligatory, max of 2 absences
  • Laboratory classes:
    – Attendance is mandatory: Yes
    – Participation rules in classes: obligatory, max of 1 absence
Method of calculating the final grade:

no grades, pass/no pass only

Sposób i tryb wyrównywania zaległości powstałych wskutek nieobecności studenta na zajęciach:

Prerequisites and additional requirements:

It is expected that student enrolling for this course will:
- have at least basic knowledge in chemistry and physics,
- show interest in humanities (archeology, museology, history of art and art conservation),
- have good command of English.

Recommended literature and teaching resources:

1. Evangelia A. Varella, Conservation Science for the Cultural Heritage: Applications of Instrumental Analysis, Springer 2013
2. E. Ciliberto, G. Spoto, Modern Analytical Methods in Art and Archaeology, Wiley-Interscience 2000
3. Barbara H. Stuart, Analytical Techniques in Materials Conservation, John Wiley & Sons 2007
4. H.M. Szczepanowska, Conservation of Cultural Heritage: Key Principles and Approaches, Routledge 2013
……

publications from the Getty Conservation Institute, many of which are available on-line in full text (some examples below):
5. Ruth Johnston-Feller, Color Science in the Examination of Museum Objects: Nondestructive Procedures, GCI 2001
6. Robert L. Feller, Accelerated Aging: Photochemical and Thermal Aspects, GCI 1994
7. Michele R. Derrick, Dusan Stulik, and James M. Landry, Infrared Spectroscopy in Conservation Science, GCI 1999
8. Terry J. Reedy and Chandra L. Reedy, Principles of Experimental Design for Art Conservation Research, GCI 1992

Scientific publications of module course instructors related to the topic of the module:

1. Chlebda, D.K., Majda, A., Łojewski, T., Łojewska, J. Hyperspectral imaging coupled with chemometric analysis for non-invasive differentiation of black pens (2016) Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, 122 (11)
2. Pawcenis, D., Smoleń, M., Aksamit-Koperska, M.A., Łojewski, T., Łojewska, J., Evaluating the impact of different exogenous factors on silk textiles deterioration with use of size exclusion chromatography
(2016) Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, 122 (6)
3. Pawcenis, D., Syrek, M., Aksamit-Koperska, M.A., Łojewski, T., Łojewska, J., Mark-Houwink-Sakurada coefficients determination for molar mass of silk fibroin from viscometric results. SEC-MALLS approach
(2016) RSC Advances, 6 (44)
4. Koperska MA, Lojewski T, Lojewska J, Evaluating degradation of silk’s fibroin by attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy: Case study of ancient banners from Polish collections, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 2015, 135, 576-582
5. Koperska MA, Pawcenis D, Milczarek JM, Blachecki A, Łojewski T, Łojewska J, Fibroin degradation – Critical evaluation of conventional analytical methods, Polymer Degradation and Stability 2015, 120 357-36
6. Pawcenis D, Thomas JL, Łojewski T, Milczarek JM, Łojewska J, Towards determination of absolute molar mass of cellulose polymer by size exclusion chromatography with mulitple angle laser light scattering detection, J Chromatogr A. 2015, 1409:53-9
7. Pawcenis, D., Koperska, M.A., Milczarek, J.M., Łojewski, T., Łojewska, J., Size exclusion chromatography for analyses of fibroin in silk: Optimization of sampling and separation conditions, 2014, Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, 114(2), s. 301-308
8. Koperska, M.A., Pawcenis, D., Bagniuk, J., Zaitz, M.M., Missori, M., Łojewski, T., Łojewska, J., Degradation markers of fibroin in silk through infrared spectroscopy, 2014, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 105(1), s. 185-196
9. T. Łojewski, La désacidification de masse en Pologne, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Actualités de la conservation 2012, 31, p. 1-2
10. T. Łojewski, J. Bagniuk, A. Kołodziej, J. Łojewska, Reflective and photoacustic infrared spectroscopic techniques in assessment of binding media in paintings, Appl. Physics A: Materials 105(3) (2011)753-761
11. T. Łojewski, J. Thomas, R. Gołąb, J. Kawałko, J. Łojewska, Light ageing with simultaneous colorimetry via fiber optics reflection spectrometry, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7) (2011) 076102-1 – 076102-3
12. T. Łojewski, K. Zięba, A. Kołodziej, J. Łojewska, Following cellulose depolymerization in paper: comparison of size exclusion chromatography techniques, Cellulose 18 (2011) 1349–1363
13.Koperska. T. Łojewski, J. Łojewska, Vibrational spectroscopy techniques to study degradation of natural dyes. Assessment of oxygen free cassette for safe exposition of artifacts, Analytical Bioanalytical Chemistry 399 (2011) 3271-3283
14. T. Łojewski, P. Miśkowiec, M. Missori, A. Lubańska, L.M. Proniewicz, J. Łojewska, FTIR and UV/VIS as methods for evaluation of oxidative degradation of cellulose. DFT approach to carbonyl vibrations, Carbohydrate Pol. 82(2) (2010) 370-375
15. 11. T. Łojewski, K. Zięba. J. Łojewska, Size exclusion chromatography and viscometry in paper degradation studies. New Mark-Houwink coefficients for cellulose in cupriethylenediamine, J. Chromatogr. A 1217(42) (2010) 6462-6468

Additional information:

None