Module also offered within study programmes:
General information:
Name:
Thermodynamics of irreversible processes and nonequilibrium phenomena
Course of study:
2019/2020
Code:
ZSDA-3-0071-s
Faculty of:
Szkoła Doktorska AGH
Study level:
Third-cycle studies
Specialty:
-
Field of study:
Szkoła Doktorska AGH
Semester:
0
Profile of education:
Academic (A)
Lecture language:
English
Form and type of study:
Full-time studies
Course homepage:
 
Responsible teacher:
dr hab. inż. Tkacz-Śmiech Katarzyna (smiech@agh.edu.pl)
Dyscypliny:
inżynieria biomedyczna, inżynieria chemiczna, inżynieria materiałowa, inżynieria środowiska, górnictwo i energetyka, nauki chemiczne, nauki fizyczne
Module summary

The course allows a doctoral candidate gaining knowledge within modern thermodynamics of irreversible processes and non-equilibrium phenomena. Theoretical fundamentals are integrated with solving the problems in practical applications. Linear (chemical reactions, multi-component diffusion, heat transport, multi-component fluid) and nonlinear irreversible systems (oscillatory structures, non-Newtonian fluid) are discussed.

Description of learning outcomes for module
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Connections with FLO Method of learning outcomes verification (form of completion)
Social competence: is able to
M_K001 Is aware of the importance of basic research in every discipline, including technology. SDA3A_K01 Case study
Skills: he can
M_U001 Is able to use knowledge in the field of thermodynamics of irreversible processes in the description of physicochemical phenomena and technological processes. SDA3A_U01 Case study
M_U002 Actively participates in the discussion regarding the fundamental laws of nature. SDA3A_U04 Activity during classes
Knowledge: he knows and understands
M_W001 Understands the essence of irreversible processes and their relationship with time. SDA3A_W05 Activity during classes
M_W002 Knows the basis of modern thermodynamics of nonequilibrium phenomena. SDA3A_W01 Presentation
Number of hours for each form of classes:
Sum (hours)
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Prace kontr. przejść.
Lektorat
40 20 0 0 0 0 20 0 0 0 0 0
FLO matrix in relation to forms of classes
MLO code Student after module completion has the knowledge/ knows how to/is able to Form of classes
Lecture
Audit. classes
Lab. classes
Project classes
Conv. seminar
Seminar classes
Pract. classes
Zaj. terenowe
Zaj. warsztatowe
Prace kontr. przejść.
Lektorat
Social competence
M_K001 Is aware of the importance of basic research in every discipline, including technology. + - - - - + - - - - -
Skills
M_U001 Is able to use knowledge in the field of thermodynamics of irreversible processes in the description of physicochemical phenomena and technological processes. - - - - - + - - - - -
M_U002 Actively participates in the discussion regarding the fundamental laws of nature. + - - - - + - - - - -
Knowledge
M_W001 Understands the essence of irreversible processes and their relationship with time. + - - - - + - - - - -
M_W002 Knows the basis of modern thermodynamics of nonequilibrium phenomena. + - - - - - - - - - -
Student workload (ECTS credits balance)
Student activity form Student workload
Summary student workload 51 h
Module ECTS credits 3 ECTS
Udział w zajęciach dydaktycznych/praktyka 40 h
Preparation for classes 5 h
przygotowanie projektu, prezentacji, pracy pisemnej, sprawozdania 3 h
Realization of independently performed tasks 2 h
Contact hours 1 h
Module content
Lectures (20h):

Topics covered in this course
1) The formalism of modern thermodynamics
- Thermodynamic systems: equilibrium and nonequilibrium, open, biological
- Legandre transforms of thermodynamic potentials
- The second law of thermodynamics, entropy
- Extremum principles
- Thermodynamic quantities for liquids and solids
2) Nonequilibrium systems
- Local equilibrium, local entropy production
- Nonequilibrium Maxwell relations
- Nonequilibrium effects
3) Linear irreversible thermodynamics
- Linear phenomenological laws and Onsager reciprocal relations
- Examples: diffusion, heat conduction, electrical conduction, chemical reactions, thermoelectric phenomena
4) Nonlinear irreversible thermodynamics
- Symmetry breaking transitions and dissipative structures
- Oscillatory structures and phenomena
5) The nonequilibrium nature of life

Seminar classes (20h):

Solving problems
Presentations covering the topics selected individually

Additional information
Teaching methods and techniques:
  • Lectures: The lecture is presented in the form of a multimedia presentation combined with a classical blackboard lecture.
  • Seminar classes: In seminar classes, the basis is a multimedia and oral presentation by students. Discussion and problem solving are another important element of education.
Warunki i sposób zaliczenia poszczególnych form zajęć, w tym zasady zaliczeń poprawkowych, a także warunki dopuszczenia do egzaminu:

To pass the course, a student has to present at least one presentation, show activity during the seminars (discussion and solving the problems) and attend at least 6 from 10 lectures.

Participation rules in classes:
  • Lectures:
    – Attendance is mandatory: No
    – Participation rules in classes: Lectures present the content in accordance with the syllabus. Some time at the end of the lecture is reserved for questions and discussion. Students receive multimedia materials in advance. In the case of frequent absences from the lecture, the student has to pass a test exam.
  • Seminar classes:
    – Attendance is mandatory: Yes
    – Participation rules in classes: Presentations covering additional topics selected individually for students according to their research interest. Solving typical problems of irreversible thermodynamics. Presentation of the application of irreversible thermodynamics in technology and materials science.
Method of calculating the final grade:

A final grade is provided a grade for the seminar, calculated in proportion to the number of points scored.
A student can get points for:
- the presentation – max. 20 points
- activity – max 20 points

Sposób i tryb wyrównywania zaległości powstałych wskutek nieobecności studenta na zajęciach:

A student can present his/her presentation in another convenient time. He/she can take an additional test of the lectures’ content during consultation hours.

Prerequisites and additional requirements:

The elementary basis of inorganic chemistry and physical chemistry.

Recommended literature and teaching resources:

1. D. Kondepudi, I. Prigogine: MODERN THERMODYNAMICS, From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Wiley 2002.
2. D. Kondepudi: Introduction to modern thermodynamics, Wiley 2007.
3. Tkacz-Śmiech K.: Termodynamika dla ceramików, Kraków 2012.
4. Katarzyna Tkacz-Śmiech: Multicomponent Diffusion, Kraków 2018.
5. Y. Demirel, V. Gerbaud: Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: Transport and Rate Processes in Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems, Elsevier 2018.

Scientific publications of module course instructors related to the topic of the module:

1. Tkacz-Śmiech K.: Termodynamika dla ceramików, Kraków 2012.
2. Katarzyna Tkacz-Śmiech: Multicomponent Diffusion, Kraków 2018.
3. B, Bożek, M, Danielewski, K, Tkacz-Śmiech, M, Zajusz: Interdiffusion: compatibility of Darken and Onsager formalisms, Materials Science and Technology 31 (2015) 1633.
4. M. Danielewski, M. Zajusz, B. Bożek, K. Tkacz-Śmiech: On the consistency of the Darken method with the Onsager representation for diffusion in multicomponent systems, Defect and Diffusion Forum 369 (2016) 53.

Additional information:

None